The Marshall Plan
April 3, 1948, U.S. President Harry Truman signed into law the ERP, which is known to public as The Marshall Plan
- The European Recovery Program, or ERP, is known to the public as the Marshall Plan, due to it being named after Secretary of State George C. Marshall, who planned out and campaigned the passing of the act. The act was written prior to the end of the war, in prep of the grave future of a post war world. The act was to help Europe recover after WWII and from it's economic instability.
First page of the Marshall Plan
- The Marshall Plan pumped into the European economy $13 billion of U.S. currency. The Plan did have some bias towards only helping Allied Forces with countries that were of Axis or Neutral not receiving as much help for economic repair due to their relations in WWII.
Vyacheslav Molotov, the man who despised and The Marshall Plan and came up with the Molotov Plan
- While the Marshall Plan was used to revitalize the European economy, it was also used as a suppressor of the spread of Communism and the Soviet Union. In fact, the Act allowed for the antagonization of the Soviet Union due to their denial of the Act. The USSR retaliated with the Molotov Plan, their own version of the Marshall Plan used to help Eastern Europe's economy. This also allowed for Eastern European Countries to never leave the USSR's sphere of influence and it's Communist views.
The Korean War
The Korean 38th parallel between North and South Korea
- After WWII, Korea was split into two halves, North and South, due to the North being occupied by the Soviets and the South being occupied by the United States. The Korean War began on June 25th, 1950 when Northern Korean tanks began to trespass on South Korean farms. The U.S. evacuated it's citizens from the South, however true U.S. support was late to respond and South Korean President Syngman Rhee criticized that delayed response and too little of a U.S. army support. This lead to early success by the North.
A US plane dropping bombs over Korea
- During the Korean War, both sides were trying to decide if atomic bombs would be used in a conflict as small as this. However, Truman assured the UN that the bomb would not be used in the conflict; however the reasoning for it was the assumption that if the bomb was dropped, the Chinese forces would not stop at all, lowing the deterrence value of the nukes. Despite not using nukes, the Strategic Air Command groups dropped an estimated 4,000 tons of bombs, in addition, they used napalm. This lead to the burning of every Northern Korean town and even the South Korean city of Pusan.
A newspaper front page announcing the end of the Korean War
- The war entered a stand still when the UN moved it's forces from the North down the southern part of the peninsula. Forces aligned with South Korea fought up to the 38th parallel where the stand still happened. Talk of ending the conflict began in July 1951, but the talk went on for more than two years. After Stalin's death in March 1953, the new leader moved faster toward ending the war. The cease-fire was reached on July 27, 1953