- Scopophilia: the pleasure we get from looking, in seeing other people as objects (Mulvey).
- Fetishism: Turning the woman-as-image into fetish conceals castration anxiety. Rather than appearing as lack, woman appears complete because she is idealized. Over-attention to the flawless female body, showing her stylized and fragmented, as the perfect body, diverts attention away from her lack—she no longer represents a menacing figure (McCabe, 30)
- Women are simultaneously looked at and displayed, with their appearance coded for strong visual and erotic impact so that they can be said to connote to-be-looked-at-ness” (Mulvey, 837)