Theory and Practice of Knowledge | ENMI 2012

This section is about theory and practice of technically supported knowledge. These studies on theoretical antecedents are covered by Yuk Hui (IRI) and Harry Halpin (W3C – World Wide Web Consortium). #IRI #ENMI2012

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  2. III.Yuk Hui: The Question of Data according to Husserl

  3. Yuk Hui takes the phenomenology of Husserl to explore an alternative approach to analyse data. For him the phenomenology can be used as a new way to organise data and to examine their objectivity.

  4. The phenomenology is apparently both: a cognitive method and a transcendental philosophy. But this cognitive approach needs a supplement that could be culture in general or what Bernard Stiegler calls: the third retention:

  5. Stiegler says:
  6. The visible and tangible emerging from this spatialisation constitutes an object that belongs to the class of what I call tertiary retention. I borrow the term ‘retention’ from Husserl. Retention refers to what is retained, through a mnesic function itself constitute of a consciousness, that is, of a psychical apparatus.
  7. Data has to be understood in its double sense -- which is rather obvious in the French term "donnée". But also the English etymology comes originally from:
  8. 1640s, plural of datum, from L. datum "(thing) given," neuter pp. of dare "to give" (see date (1)). Meaning "transmittable and storable computer information" first recorded 1946. Data processing is from 1954.
  9. Hui proposes to take Husserl's dictum and to focus on the objects themselves, which means to take phenomenology in order to establish a methodology of being.

  10. Referring to Derrida the ideal of transcendental phenomenology responds to the necessity of describing the objectivity of the object and its presence.

  11. Husserl himself did not think of the technical object, but we can approach it if we take recourse to Stiegler's concept of the third retention.


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