Indigenous Women

Complicated identities, present day struggles, rich histories. Indigenous Women have play important roles in the United States and around the world. Here are a few stepping off point for exploration.


  1. The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues discusses gender issues in Indigenous Cultures.  Loss of status for an indigenous population often leads to increased gender inequality, but there are exceptions and lots of variation of gender roles across cultures.   - I could see a great extended essay starting here.
  2. Indigenous Leaders 

  3. Meri Te Tai Mangakahia (22 May 1868 – 10 October 1920) was a campaigner for women's suffrage in New Zealand.
  4. Guatemalan Activist and Nobel Prize Winner
  5. The first female chief of the Cherokee Nation
  6. Native American Women

  7. Did you know that Native American Women lead about 1/4 of the 562 federally recognized tribes in the United States and half of the tribal colleges?  Read this articles in Ms. to find out more. 
  8. Winona LaDuke was a candidate for Vice President of the United States and founded Honor the Earth and the White Earth Land Recovery Project.
    Her Ted Talk about tribal efforts to maintain and re-establish varieties of food and increase agricultural diversity in an inspiring reminder of the connections between food, land, and community. 
  9. TEDxTC - Winona LaDuke - Seeds of Our Ancestors, Seeds of Life
  10. Louise Erdrich is a member of Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians, a band of the Anishinaabe and author of many novels including the winner of the 2012 National book award for fiction.