Children's Benefit or Burden?

Workshop exploring representations of children, past and present, on 3 September 2015

  1. Today we're hosting a conference on portrayals of young people, past and present - follow the conversation via #children2015
  2. .@DrLauraKing begins by discussing her research on the mobilisation of children to represent the future during WW2 #children2015
  3. Laura King:does seeing children as future make us think of some children as 'better investment' than others? ie asylum seekers #children2015
  4. .@DrLauraKing Children & families were seen symbols of hope and the future during WW2 - but this idea wasn't new #children2015
  5. Looking forward to a day's workshop on childhood and its mobilisation for the future @KingsCollegeLon #children2015
  6. .@DrLauraKing Children were chosen as evacuees during WW2; the state became increasingly interventionist in their lives #children2015
  7. .@DrLauraKing During WW2 concern over children's health and education became heightened, & was seen as an expensive necessity #children2015
  8. .@DrLauraKing During WW2 children became a collective, representing the future of all, rather than the individual #children2015
  9. Children not simply as the personal responsibility of parents but as the collective responsibility of the state @DrLauraKing #children2015
  10. .@DrLauraKing Children as symbols of the future united political parties, mobilising support for spending on health& education #children2015
  11. Today Amanda is attending a workshop “Children's burden or benefit? Using young people to promote ideas of the future” at KCL #children2015
  12. Today we've brought together a great group of academics and charity campaigners to think about how children are 'the future' #children2015
  13. .@DrLindseyD 1940 Vichy gov was familialist: an "obsession" with family & demography as the "essential soul" of French society #children2015
  14. Our first panel involves talks from me and @DrLindseyD on children in Second World War Britain and France #children2015
  15. .@DrLindseyD Children often seen as "citizens in waiting", they are "projects" for the future rather than children in the now #children2015
  16. Children's 'citizenly behaviour' not new or negligible - @DrLindseyD on Vichy France #children2015
  17. .@DrLindseyD argues that Vichy govt recognised that children had agency - they were seen as able to act, change and influence #children2015
  18. Children in the past had agency, participated, influenced, responded in politics. Can this help recognise their importance now #children2015
  19. @DrLindseyD discussing Vichy regime's use of children to further its aims. Carriers of national values, task of transmission #children2015
  20. Hearing about the encouragement of French children to worship Pètain & influence adults always disturbs me a bit! @DrLindseyD #children2015
  21. Fab examination of children in the Vichy regime by @DrLindseyD: their absorption & reproduction of propaganda in letters etc #children2015
  22. Children and time: @DrLindseyD: the passive child of the present, and the active citizen of the future. #children2015
  23. @DrLindseyD difficulty of accessing children's perspective especially the younger they are #children2015
  24. #children2015 interesting contrast between psychoanalytic upsurge in UK WW2 and French absence as Jewish therapists fled @DrLauraKing
  25. Any historical account of children as citizens outside totalitarian regimes? Do children matter in times of peace and wealth? #children2015
  26. Delighted that we now have Mat Ruuska of @WarChildUK talking about the theory and practice of involving children in their work #children2015
  27. V. interesting that War Child don't show kids as vulnerable, helpless victims - unhelpful stereotype #children2015
  28. Excellent mix of academics and practitioners in field of children's rights makes for very stimulating workshop @WarChildUK #children2015
  29. In charity campaigning, it's crucial to respect children, their resilience and stories - shouldn't victimise them - Mat Ruuska #children2015
  30. War Child also aim not to criminalise or sensationalise stories, or belittle or humiliate children #children2015
  31. @mattruuska states through asking what children are thinking they have a right to an opinion and understand the value of one #children2015
  32. War Child - children give as much or Iittle detail as they like, told where stories published, asked permission #children2015
  33. Images which feature children looking directly into the camera empowers them - Mat Ruuska of @WarChildUK #children2015
  34. In this way, War Child focuses on children as beings and empowered individuals, not just thinking about them as future adults #children2015
  35. @mattruuska concludes that children and young people are valued as stakeholders in their own development #children2015
  36. Next we have Kerry Smith from @PlanUK on their programmes focusing on girls' rights #children2015
  37. Kerry Smith highlights potential tension between child rights and powerful idea of investing in children as future citizens #children2015
  38. #children2015 @HistoryPolicy workshop at Kings started with two great talks from Dr Laura King and Dr Linsey Dodd.
  39. @KSmith_J from @PlanUK states the child rights convention raises question of the role of children in society #children2015
  40. Duality of charities work: with children as children now but also them as future citizens - must do both. Kerry Smith, @PlanUK #children2015
  41. @KSmith_J the duality of working with children is through telling their stories and promoting why people should invest in them #children2015
  42. #children2015 change of gear: talks from Warchild's Matt Ruuska and Kerry Smith of Plan. Good to balance academics with practitioners.
  43. Does working with children require subscribing to universal values? Is thee space for cultural relativism? #children2015
  44. Who's values? Who's agency? For who's purpose? For who's future? #children2015
  45. @VickyCrewe helpfully outlines history of Boer War in her #children2015 presentation about toys and children's roles in the British empire
  46. Now @VickyCrewe on toys and the Boer War - how toys inculcated particularly gendered ideas about the future #children2015
  47. Boer War history outlined by @VickyCrewe in #children2015 presentation about what toys tell us about children's roles in the British empire
  48. Research show close link between toy soldiers and militaristic enthusiasm among boys during Boer War @VickyCrewe #children2015
  49. 10 -11 million toy soldiers produced annually in Britain until 1914 @VickyCrewe #children2015
  50. Trade catalogues and ads in children’s magazines reveal Boer toys eg model tents, cannons, guns @VickyCrewe #children2015
  51. Patriotic pro-war message aimed at children through toys during Boer War - @VickyCrewe #children2015
  52. ‘Clockwork armoured trains novelty of the season’, 1902 catalogue @VickyCrewe #children2015
  53. Children were encouraged to write to British troops during Boer War in exchange for prizes - @VickyCrewe #children2015
  54. Children wrote to British troops on the battlefield; they were rewarded for their engagement with the war @VickyCrewe #children2015
  55. Girls magazines focused on food and health products more than toys during the early 1900s @VickyCrewe #children2015
  56. Did the militaristic culture of toys @ turn of the century encourage boys to join up when First World War started? @VickyCrewe #children2015
  57. Girls could and should be heroic in the war – by stoically staying at home, writing to soldiers and fundraising @VickyCrewe #children2015
  58. Baden-Powell’s Scouting for Boys, which romanticised patriotism, militarism & outdoor life, popular post-Boer War @VickyCrewe #children2015
  59. Toys can project adult expectations of what children will grow up to do - seen in Boer war toys - soldiers and good mothers #children2015
  60. Learning military skills through play: @VickyCrewe on Boer War toys and games - amazing examples of patriotic toys #children2015
  61. Toys offer insights into adult expectations of children & how skills are inculcated in their & the nation's future @VickyCrewe #children2015
  62. Now we're going to hear from the fantastic @LetToysBeToys campaign - toys aren't gendered! #children2015
  63. Since Let Toys Be Toys founded in 2012 14 retailers have stopped signposting toys for girls and toys for boys @day_jess #children2015
  64. #children2015 Excellent talk from Vicky Crewe on toys produced during 2nd Boer War and expectations of children who played with them.
  65. In stores 'toys for boys' signposted and cosmetics for girls (in pink). What if you are a girl who likes dinosaurs? @day_jess #children2015
  66. 21st century comparison with 1970s toys – pinkification of girls’ lives @day_jess #children2015
  67. Just because you can observe something, you can't know the causes - @day_jess of @LetToysBeToys on gender difference #children2015
  68. Gender marketing affects not just toys – children’s parties, baby scan frames...@day_jess #children2015
  69. Gender marketing prepares girls for future role as consumers (rather than homemakers). Fashion, sparkles, glamour? @day_jess #children2015
  70. Boys affected by gender marketing @day_jess 18% boys think reading is more for girls #children2015
  71. Idea that gender defines your future role is embedded in children early on. Campaigns needed then @day_jess #children2015
  72. Agree with @day_jess on concerns that reading is seen as something girls do is to tackle gender stereotyping not increase it #children2015
  73. #children2015 Really brilliant talk on horrifying gender stereo typing in the toy industry from @day_jess from @LetToysBeToys
  74. Why have toys become more explicitly gendered as women have become more involved in the workplace? #children2015
  75. Q by @suff66: how were militaristic toys in the Boer War regarded by feminists? #children2015 Any ideas #twitterstorians?
  76. @LetToysBeToys @day_jess thanks for provocative paper. All choices are on the table for children! Nothing is predefined #children2015
  77. Target drops 'boy/girl' toy signs. Man trolls cross people by posing as customer servs. @HistoryPolicy  #children2015
  78. More on why 'Books for Boys' are a bad idea if you want to encourage reading  @HistoryPolicy #children2015
  79. By late primary age children already have gendered ideas about possible career choices.  @HistoryPolicy #children2015
  80. How far back does the idea of children as the future go? q by Mary-Clare Martin #children2015
  81. For more on the 'drip drip drip' of gender conditioning check out @GenderDiary #children2015 @HistoryPolicy
  82. #children2015 Always serious limits to idea of children as symbolising future. Recall Nella Last's horror at 'half caste' children in 1940s
  83. @DrLindseyD @DrLauraKing thanks for great day. Mixing with practitioners v productive as were discussion breakout sessions #children2015
  84. Fantastic workshop on children as agents of future promise yest. Thanks to all - esp. speakers @day_jess @mattruuska @KSmith_J #children2015
  85. #children2015 @DrLauraKing fascinating paper on how British chn are envisaged PW e.g. NSPCC, W&S, Barnardos use language of future citizens
  86. #children2015 @DrLindseyD great paper on chn in Vichy France as both passive symbols and active intermediaries...