The Housing Problem Is Apparent
London – population: eight pointthree million people, enough for a whole country. A known fact is London grows in population in rapid rates – twice as fast as the rest of the United Kingdom. And contrary to popular belief, the reason is not migration from the country or even internationally, but birth rate.
It's only natural for problems with the housing to occur. However, the property market has exploded in therecent years and its people who suffer the damage.
It's so bad, the difference between property prices between London and Berlin is more than 2 times, while renting is twice as expensive as anywhere else in the world. People can no longer afford to have their own home in the British capital. In fact, half of the residents of the capital live on rent.
Five thousand are estimated to sleep in the streets, while countless live in accommodation which defies any standard or health regulations.
Furthermore, the rate of the population growth is shadowing the rate of structural growth in the city. London is simply not big enough for everybody living here and the problem is becoming more apparent with each year.
Central London is still expanding and residential development is flourishing thanks to international funds.But its suburbs are not growing proportionally, if they're growing at all. Thus, demand outgrows the availability.
- Infographic source: http://undertheraedar.blogspot.com/2011/12/londons-daytime-population.html …
What London needs to think about is howto better develop its suburban areas to allow for easier and affordable accommodation within the city limits.
Tokyo might already have what London is looking for. The city has many urban centres connected with high quality infrastructure to compensate the distance. The suburbs are better developed and far denser than those of London. They also feature many public spaces and authoritative services, so the need to travel to the central management is much less, thus saving time and money.
Of course, everybody can flood the land with steel and concrete, provided they have the funds. The problem is funds are not easily found, or given.
We have to think smart and find a way to develop our buildings fast, cheap, flexible to changes and as environmentally friendly as possible. We need a way to get more forthe money we have.
WE NEED MODULARITY!
Modularity is a method of design and construction, where the final product forms by connecting pre-manufactured components into a single structure. Most of the construction is carried behind factory doors, which allows for a faster, undisturbed and controlled development. The units are pre-build with they're own plumbing, electrical wiring, interior and exterior finish and even furniture and appliances.
Later, the produced modules are transported to the already prepared site and assembled into the designed structured. Once the units come together they form a solid wall, floor, roof and any other extended structure.
All government standards for regular site construction also apply to modular buildings and most of the times, there are additional regulations and rules of engineering that must be met. Factory conditions allows for better quality control and assessment.
The modularity concept is applicable to private structures like houses, villas as well as commercial and public buildings like offices, stores, hotels, schools, hospitals and even skyscrapers.
The first modular architecture dates back to more than a hundred years from now. After both world wars Great Britain embarked on the task of rebuilding the damage caused by the bombing, so many pre-fabricated homes came to life. To this day the UK is still flourishing with its modular technology and thus, it will only be easier to invest further in the technology.
Communism is famous for carrying a politic in fast production and grand quantity. In the ex-soviet republics and countries associated with the union exist huge amounts of apartment buildings created with modular technology. Most of them still serve their purpose, sheltering millions of people.
Eastern Germany was once flooded with pre-fab apartment buildings, during the Russian reign over part of the country. Later, urban redevelopment stripped down hundreds of thousands of them in an attempt to introduce a new, non-communist,vision to the land. However, a lot of the buildings still exist and provide homes for millions of people.
Many countries have incorporated modular architecture in their urban development and construction programmes. Asian countries, mainly China also have severe problems with overpopulation and have also invested in modularity to combat the crisis.
But why is modular so much better ?
- The following will cover the benefits of modular architecture in comparison to standard methods of construction and the value we can gain by utilizing this technology.